Commercial and Administrative Law July 2019 KNEC Diploma

COMMERCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE LAW July 2019

THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

MODULE II

COMMERCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

1. (a) Outline six disabilities of a limited partner. (12 marks)
(b) Highlight four functions of administrative law, (8 marks)
2. (a) Explain six essentials of a contract of insurance. (12 marks)
(b) Besa purchased four vacuum cleaners from a local shop. In the shop was a notice informing customers to inspect goods before they leave with them. Besa was seemingly more interested in the colour. He picked four blue vacuum cleaners, paid for them and left. He later realised that two of the vacuum cleaners were defective when he tried using them. However, when he returned them to the shop for replacement, the shopkeeper declined. Besa is aggrieved and intends to take legal action against the shopkeeper.
Explain the legal principles in this case. (8 marks)

3. (a) In relation to a contract of guarantee, explain:

(i) Three rights of a guarantor against the creditor; (6 marks)
(ii) Three rights of a guarantor against the debtor. (6 marks)

(b) The authority of a banker to pay a cheque drawn on the bank by a customer is terminated under certain circumstances. Explain four such circumstances. (8 marks)

4. (a) In relation to the law of bankruptcy, explain four disabilities of an undischarged bankrupt. (8 marks)

(b) Outline six reasons that may lead to a businessman preferring to settle a commercial dispute through arbitration rather than through a court of law. (12 marks)

5. (a) Highlight five instances when a director of a company shall vacate his office. (10 marks)

(b) Outline five forms of errors that may occur in the administration of law. (10 marks)

6. (a) Winnie delivered her gold bracelet to Patel’s shop for polishing. The agreement was for Winnie to collect it in two day’s time. The following day, one of Patel’s workers stole the bracelet and quit employment. After two days, Winnie went to collect her bracelet as they had earlier agreed. However, Pate! was unable to handover the bracelet to Winnie as it had been stolen. Winnie intends to take legal action against Patel. Explain the legal principles applicable in this case. (8 marks)

(b) Outline six reasons that make it necessary to have national legislation in Kenya. (12 marks)

7. (a) Explain five shortcomings of delegated legislation. (10 marks)

(b) Outline five factors that should be considered by a tribunal in deciding to allow legal representation to parties in a dispute. (10 marks)

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