Underlying Principles for the Rights and Welfare of the Child

These rights are to be practiced with the following principles:

  • Best interest of the child
  • Non-discrimination
  • Participation, leisure and recreational
  • Survival and development
  • Respect for the views of children

Duties and Responsibilities of the Child Work for the unity of the family Respect his parents and elders National responsibility

Preserve and strengthen cultural values

Rights versus Responsibilities

The African Convention of the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) adapted in July 1990 by the Assembly of African Heads of State and Government recognized Rights and Responsibilities. Every child has Rights and a Responsibility towards others i.e. family, the society and the state, thus all Rights must be accompanied by Responsibilities for effective integration of child Rights in the community. Responsibilities are tasks to be performed e.g. doing homework, respecting parents, washing clothes and so on as demonstrated in the table below.

 

THE RIGHT TO LIFE AND SURVIVAL
RIGHT EXAMPLES OF RESPONSIBILITIES
THE RIGHT TO NUTRITION To eat a balanced diet
To preserve food
To help in the preparation of the food
To clean the house
To wash utensils
THE RIGHT TO SHELTER To clean the house
To open the windows airing
To arrange the house
To repair broken things in the house
THE RIGHT TO MEDICAL CARE Take medicine as instructed by a doctor.
to keep medicine out of reach of children
Visit doctors when appointed
To take medicine when instructed
THE RIGHT TO CLOTHING Take care of our clothes

THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT

THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION To obey teachers
To keep time
To be disciplined
To work hard in school
Not to miss classes
Complete home works
To attend to school duties
THE RIGHT TO PARENTAL LOVE To love our parents

 

AND CARE To help parents in home chores
To obey our Parents
Love your siblings
To be disciplined
To appreciate love given to us by parents
THE RIGHT TO PLAY AND LEISURE To play with your friends
To share playing equipments like balls and
toys
To observe time not to use all our free time
on playing and forget other issues
To follow the rules of the games we play
THE RIGHT TO SOCIAL SECURITY To report cases of insecurity
To avoid dangerous places
To avoid bad company
To maintain law and order
To cooperate with security personnel
THE RIGHT TO ACCESS INFORMATION

To ask questions to gain information

To acquire the right information
To share information with others
To use the information appropriately
To know the information that would benefit us
RIGHT TO PROTECTION

 

THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION Repot those peddling drugs
FROM DRUGS Abstain from any kind of drug abuse
Know the effects of drugs
Take medicine for intended use only
Avoid bad company
THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION Go to school
FROM EXPLOI TATION Say no to exploitation
Report those exploiting children
Not to exploit others
THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION Say no to discrimination
FROM DISCRIMINATION Report those discriminating against others
Treat both boys and girls equally

 

Tech other on the importance of equality
THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION Report any case of abuse or neglect
FROM ABUSE AND NEGLECT Not to abuse or neglect others
THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION Avoid dark or lonely roads
FROM SEXUAL ABUSE Report any abuse or threat that could lead to
abuse
Clothe ourselves   decently to avoid sending
wrong signals
Say no to early marriages
Don’t accept presents from strangers
Don’t stay in secluded places
THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION Care for those affected by disaster
FROM DISASTER Support those affected by disasters

Learn more on disaster management to help ourselves and others

THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION To take care of identification documents
FROM LOSS OF IDENTITY Use the names as they are in identification
documents
Not to give others funny nick-names
THE RIGHT TO PROTECTION OF To show love and care to refugees
 

REFUGEES

To support refugees by giving foodstuffs

or

STATUS clothing

 

RIGHT TO PARTICIPATION
THE RIGHT TO THOUGHT AND To respect other peoples thoughts and opinions
OPINION Share our thoughts and opinions with others
Give other people a chance to express their
thoughts and opinions
 

RIGHT TO CONTRIBUTION

To use appropriate language when

contributing/

no foul words
To respect other peoples contributions
To give other people a chance to contribute
To give our honest contributions in all meetings
THE RIGHT TO FREE ASSOCIATION  

To associate with others without discrimination

Say no to discrimination



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