MEANING AND HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL TRAINING
In the context of preparation for occupational roles, ‘education’ meaning instruction and learning broadly relevant to performance in all or a considerable number of occupational roles. ‘Training’, on the other hand is instruction and learning concerned with good performance of a specific task or set of tasks making up a job occupation. Training in the public sector and private industry can be institutional or internal, formal or informal, or a variety of combinations of these formats.
In June 1968 a plan of operation for a National Industrial Vocational Training Centre (NIVTC) was signed by the Kenya Government with the ILO. This began Phase 1 of an ILO project to assist Kenya in the establishment of national programs of industrial training. In 1970 the Kenya Government enacted the Industrial Training Act (ITA) which provided for the regulation of the training of apprentices and the establishment of training schemes under a Directorate of Industrial Training in order to ‘encourage and assist industries in their training efforts’. In 1971,the National Industrial Training Council(NITC) was created under the Act and an Industrial Training Levy was established. The council was created as a tripartite authority (employers, employees and government) responsible for establishing training committees for each industry incorporated in the levy and training schemes. In 1971, the building and civil engineering industry became the first to be officially registered and levied under the Act. The purpose of the Act was to provide a means of standardization and coordination of training for the private sector.
Industrial Training Act
Industrial training in Kenya falls within the purview of the Industrial Training Act, Chapter 237 Which is an Act of parliament to make provisions for the regulation of the training of persons engaged in industry. The Act was enacted in 1960 and has been revised several times including 1983 and recently 2012.the Act is administered by the Director of Industrial Training(Now Director General) in the Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Development under the general guidance of the National Industrial Training Council(Currently National Industrial Training Authority) which is a tripartite body which consisting of six members each representing employers, and workers and not less than six members chosen to represent the Government and others interests.