HIV and AIDS

MEANING OF HIV AND AIDS

• HIV means (human immunodeficiency virus) which causes AIDS.
• AIDS means (acquired immunodeficiency virus)

WAYS THROUGH WHICH HIV IS TRANSMITTED

  1. Blood transmission.
  2. Sexual activity.
  3. Sharing of objects i.e. syringes.
  4. Breastfeeding of baby by affected mother.
  5. Circumcision.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF AIDS

  • Dry cough
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Night sweat
  • Profound and unexplained fatigue
  • Swelling lymph nodes in the armpits, groin, &neck
  • Diarrhea (chronic)
  • White sports or unusual blemishes on the tongue in the mouth, in the throat
  • Pneumonia
  • Red brown, pink or purplish blotches on the skin, inside the mouth, the nose or eye lids
  • Memory loss
  • Depression and other neurological disorders
  • Thrush
  • Herpes zoster
  • Herpes simplex
  • Tuberculosis
  • Itchy skin
  • Thrush in the mouth
  • Difficulty thinking clearly
  • Tired all the time (fatigue)
  • Changes in hearing, taste, vision, touch, smell

WAYS OF PREVENTING HIV/AIDS INFECTION

  1. Use of concern during sexual intercourse.
  2. Taking education of causes of HIV/AIDS diseases.
  3. Needle exchange and harm reduction of blood during transmission.
  4. Over viewing of HIV prevention –introducing HIV prevention around the world.
  5. Prevention of HIV transmission from mother to the child i.e. avoiding breastfeeding.
  6. Taking treatment i.e. taking drugs ARV’S.

WAYS OF TAKING CARE AND SUPPORTING THE AFFECTED AND INFECTED PEOPLE

  1. Educating the victims on how to prevent spread out of the disease (guidance and counseling)
  2. Providing nutritious food.
  3. Providing of healthcare.
  4. Keeping company.
  5. Washing clothes and keeping the place clean.
  6. Showing love and care.
  7. Provincial of capital finance.

INTERVENTIONS FOR HIV & AIDS

  • Increased self-awareness
  • Behavior change
  • Showing empathy
  • HIV & AIDS Education: reinforce community outreach programs
  • Change of attitude
  • Promotion of long healthy life



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