Fundamental of Tourism notes

TOPIC

Introduction to Tourism

  1. Definition of terms
  2. Typology of travellers
  3. Types of tourists

Classification of visitors & travellers

  1. International
  2. Domestic
  3. Residential
  4. Transient
  5. MICE

Classification of Tourists – in terms of:

  1. Origin
  2. Distance
  3. Destination
  4. Interests/motivation
  5. Spending levels
  6. Age

Forms of tourism- In terms of:

  1. Environmental impacts
  2. Interest
  3. Origin & distance

Types of tours

  1. Escorted/Guided
  2. Independent
  3. Group

Hotels and Tourism

  1. Types of hotels
  2. Classification
  3. Types of rooms
  4. Room rates

Evolution of Tourism in the World

  1. Greek Period
  2. Industrial Revolution
  3. 20th Century
  4. Present

Evolution of Tourism in Kenya

  1. Early explorers
  2. Pre-independence
  3. Post-independence
  4. Structure of Tourism Industry in Kenya

Components of the Tourism Industry

  1. Industry components
  2. Role of the different components

Impacts of Tourism

  1. Economic impacts
  2. Socio-cultural impacts
  3. Environmental Impacts
  4. Management actions
  5. Sustainable tourism/ Alternative tourism forms

Tourism Motivation



  1. Needs and Wants
  2. Tourists’ decision-making process
  3. Travel motivators
  4. Travel facilitators
  5. Travel barriers and demotivators

Tourism institutions and Associations

  1. Introduction to Tourism governance in Kenya
  2. Role of the Ministry of Tourism & Wildlife
  3. Institutions in Tourism Act, No.28 of 2011

Other Tourism Institutions in Kenya and their roles :

  1. Kenya Association of Tour Operators
  2. Kenya Association of Travel Agents
  3. Kenya Tourist Federation
  4. Kenya Association of Hotel Keepers and Caterers
  5. Eco-tourism Society of Kenya
  6. Kenya Wildlife Service

Legal Aspects of Tourism in Kenya

  1. Definition of law
  2. Structure of the Court system in Kenya
  3. Aspects of Law of contract
  4. Tourism industry licencing Act

Emerging Trends in Tourism

  1. Identification of emerging trends
  2. Impacts of the emerging/current trends



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