**TOPIC 1: INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS**

- Electrical Quantities & Units

**TOPIC 2&3: BASIC DC/AC CIRCUITS**

SIMPLE AC CIRCUITS

- Single Phase AC Circuit
- Passive Components in AC Circuits

COMPLEXER DIAGRAM/PHASOR DIAGRAM

SINMPLE AC IMPEDANCE

- Direct Current Circuits
- Series and parallel resistors
- Resistivity of conductors

**TOPIC 4: ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS**

- Introduction & Characteristics of Electronic Components
- Classification & Application of Electronic Components
- Examples of Electrical Components
- Introduction & Characteristics of Integrated Circuit

**TOPIC 5: SEMICONDUCTOR**

- Atomic Structure & Semiconductor Theory
- Electrons in Conductors & Semi-conductors (Outline of atomic theory)
- Semiconductor Materials

- Intrinsic semiconductor materials
- Energy band diagrams
- Electron-Hole pair generation
- Holes (virtual particles!)
- Electrical breakdown

- Formation of P-type & N-type materials (Extrinsic semiconductor)

- N type semiconductor
- P type semiconductor

- The PN junction diode & Operation

- Reverse Bias
- Forward bias
- Diode Characteristic

**TOPIC 6: MEMORIES**

- Definition & Characteristics of Memory
- Types of Memories
- Cache Memory
- Primary Memory (Main Memory)
- Secondary Memory

**TOPIC 7: NUMBER SYSTEM**

- Introduction to Number System
- Decimal Number System
- Binary Number System
- Octal Number System
- Hexadecimal Number System
- Computer – Number Conversion
- Decimal to Other Base System
- Other Base System to Decimal System
- Other Base System to Non-Decimal System
- Binary Arithmetic
- Binary Addition
- Binary Subtraction
- Binary Multiplication
- Binary Division
- Binary Codes
- Weighted Codes
- Non-Weighted Codes
- Excess-3 code
- Gray Code
- Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) code
- Alphanumeric codes
- BCD Encoding & Arithmetic

**TOPIC 8: LOGIC GATES & BOOLEAN ALGEBRA**

- Introduction to Logic Mathematics
- Set theory
- Types of Sets
- Operation of a Set
- Venn Diagrams
- Boolean Algebra
- Terminologies in Boolean Algebra
- Logic Functions gates and circuitry
- Theorems of Boolean Algebra
- Karnaugh maps (K-maps)

**TOPIC 9: EMERGING TRENDS**

- The 7 Biggest Trends and Challenges in the Electronics Manufacturing Industry
- 5 Challenges Electronics Manufacturers Face

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